The Heavenly TRIO — Father, Son, and Holy Spirit

    “Here are the living three persons of the heavenly trio.”
    Ellen White

    One God (the Father) — One Lord (the Son)
    One Spirit (the Omnipresent)

    Welcome to Theos Institute’s online study regarding a most interesting and important topic — The Heavenly Trio! This vital subject is mysterious and glorious at the same time and our goal is to cover this topic in depth, adding additional material over time. Each individual who studies this sacred topic is encouraged to come to their own final conclusions, after weighing all the evidence for themselves, in communion with our loving Creator. The source materials for this study are the Holy Scriptures (The Word of God) and the inspired writings of Mrs. Ellen G. White, a humble servant of God. Ellen G. (Harmon) White was born in 1827 in Gorham, Maine, and she died in 1915 at her home in northern California. Mrs. White experienced over 2000 visions/dreams in her 70 years of active ministry as God’s chosen messenger. You can access all of her powerful writings for yourself by going to this website: ELLEN WHITE WRITINGS ONLINE.

    This most important foundational study requires the careful comparison of many scriptures and spirit of prophecy statements that we may come to a reliable conclusion regarding the true identity and relationship of the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit. Here, on this website, I am offering my current, yet feeble, understanding of this most important truth and you are free to decide for yourself whether the conclusions presented are valid or not according to the evidence provided. This most important study is an ongoing and ever deepening adventure, a continual seeking after God, as He has revealed Himself to us in the person of His only begotten Son, Jesus Christ. To God, our heavenly Father, and to our Lord Jesus Christ, be all glory, now and forever more!

      With my husband [James White] I [Ellen White] have stood on some lofty height, and looked upon the mountains rising peak above peak, until our souls were thrilled with a sense of God’s majesty and power. At evening we delighted to look up to the blue heavens inlaid with glittering stars; and while thus beholding the splendors of the visible universe, we acknowledged with reverent awe that all was the handiwork of the Most High. We rejoiced that the God of creation is the God of the Bible, and that we can claim this infinite Being as our Father. We talked of the glories of his power and wisdom, and adored the matchless love which has made it possible, through Jesus Christ, for fallen man to become a son and heir of the Maker and Sovereign of the universe.
      How near we seemed to God, as in the clear moonlight we bowed upon some lonely mountainside to ask for needed blessings at his hand! What faith and confidence were ours! God’s purposes of love and mercy seemed more fully revealed, and we felt the assurance that our sins and errors were pardoned. Upon such occasions I have seen my husband’s countenance lighted up with a radiance that seemed reflected from the throne of God, as in changed voice he praised the Lord for the rich blessings of his grace. Amid earth’s gloom and darkness, we could still discern on every hand gleams of brightness from the Fount of light. Through the works of creation we communed with Him who inhabiteth eternity. As we looked upon the towering rocks, the lofty mountains, we exclaimed, Who is so great a God as our God?
      Surrounded, as we often were, with difficulties, burdened with responsibilities, finite, weak, erring mortals at best, we were at times almost ready to yield to despair. But when we considered God’s love and care for his creatures, as revealed both in the book of nature and on the pages of inspiration, our hearts were comforted and strengthened. Surrounded by the evidences of God’s power, and overshadowed by his presence, we could not cherish distrust or unbelief. Oh, how often have peace, and hope, and even joy, come to us in our experience amid these rocky solitudes!
      Again I have been among the mountains, but alone. None to share my thoughts and feelings as I looked once more upon those grand and awful scenes! Alone, alone! God’s dealings seem mysterious, his purposes unfathomable; yet I know that they must be just, and wise, and merciful. It is my privilege and my duty to wait patiently for him, the language of my heart at all times being, “He doeth all things well.”
      I had no strength now to climb the mountain steeps. If I desired to acknowledge God’s mercies, I could not repair to the forest or the cliffs. If I would seek wisdom from above, I must make my room my sanctuary. But even here I have enjoyed sweet communion with God, and have received precious tokens of his abiding presence.
      In my recent bereavement, I have had a near view of eternity. I have, as it were, been brought before the great white throne, and have seen my life as it will there appear. I can find nothing of which to boast, no merit that I can plead. “Unworthy, unworthy of the least of thy favors, O my God,” is my cry. My only hope is in a crucified and risen Saviour. I claim the merits of the blood of Christ. Jesus will save to the uttermost all who put their trust in him.
    Ellen G. White

    Review & Herald, November 1, 1881, par. 4-9, EGW Writings

    “When we know God as it is our privilege to know Him, our life will be a life of continual obedience. Through an appreciation of the character of Christ, through communion with God, sin will become hateful to us.”

    Ellen G. White

    Desire of Ages, p. 668.3, EGW Writings

    “What a salvation is revealed in the covenant by which God promised to be our Father, His only-begotten Son our Redeemer, and the Holy Spirit our Comforter, Counselor, and Sanctifier! Upon no lower ground than this is it safe for us to place our feet.”

    Ellen G. White

    In Heavenly Places, p. 137.5, EGW Writings


    “The FATHER is all the fullness of the Godhead bodily.” – EGW
    (God is a Spirit – the LORD [Yehovah • Jehovah] is that Spirit – absolute Godhead, pure divine nature – Source of all being)


    “The SON is all the fullness of the Godhead manifested.” – EGW
    (the express image of His Father’s person, the outshining of the Father’s glory, the Word of God – absolute Godhead, pure divine nature – Channel of all blessings, dual nature: fully divine + fully human)


    “… the SPIRIT in all the fullness of the Godhead, making manifest the power of divine grace.” – EGW
    (Spirit of God, Spirit of Christ—the spiritual presence and power of divinity—the Omnipresent)

    Theos Institute

    Heavenly Trio Summary

    “But to us there is but one God, the Father, of whom are all things, and we in him and one Lord Jesus Christ, by whom are all things, and we by him.

    1 Corinthians 8:6

    Scripture (KJV)

    And this is life eternal, that they might know Thee the only true God, and Jesus Christ, whom Thou hast sent.”

    John 17:3

    Scripture (KJV)

    “And we know that the Son of God is come, and hath given us an understanding, that we may know him that is true, and we are in him that is true, even in his Son Jesus Christ. This is the true God, and eternal life.”

    1 John 5:20

    Scripture (KJV)

    “And this is the record, that God hath given to us eternal life, and this life is in his Son.

    1 John 5:11

    Scripture (KJV)

    “Messages of every order and kind have been urged upon Seventh-day Adventists, to take the place of the truth which, point by point, has been sought out by prayerful study, and testified to by the miracle-working power of the Lord. But the waymarks which have made us what we are, are to be preserved, and they will be preserved, as God has signified through His Word and the testimony of His Spirit. He calls upon us to hold firmly, with the grip of faith, to the fundamental principles that are based upon unquestionable authority.”

    Ellen G. White

    1 Selected Messages, p. 208 (1904), EGW Writings

    “Above all lower orders of being, God designed that man, the crowning work of His creation, should express His thought and reveal His glory. But man is not to exalt himself as God.”

    Ellen G. White

    Counsels to the Church, p. 75.2

    “There is no place for gods in the heaven above. God *[Yehovah] is the only true God. He fills all heaven. Those who now submit to his will shall see his face; and his name will be in the foreheads of all who are pure and holy.”

    Ellen G. White

    1888 Materials, p. 1633.2 – *bracketed text added

    Deuteronomy 6:4
    “Hear, O Israel: The LORD [Yehovah] our God [Elohim] is one LORD [Yehovah]: …”

    Mark 12:29
    “And Jesus answered him, The first of all the commandments is, Hear, O Israel; The Lord our God is one Lord: …”

    John 17:3
    “And this is life eternal, that they might know thee the only true God, and Jesus Christ, whom thou hast sent.“

    1 Corinthians 8:6
    “But to us there is but one God, the Father, of whom are all things, and we in him; and one Lord Jesus Christ, by whom are all things, and we by him.

    Ephesians 4:6
    One God and Father of all, who is above all, and through all, and in you all.

    1 Timothy 2:5
    “For there is one God, and one mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus; …”

    Galatians 3:20
    “Now a mediator is not a mediator of one, but God is one.

    James 2:19
    “Thou believest that there is one God; thou doest well: the devils also believe, and tremble.”

    GOD IS LIGHT – Light is a Symbol of God’s Presence

    “In the manifestation of God to His people, light had ever been a symbol of His presence. At the creative word in the beginning, light had shone out of darkness. Light had been enshrouded in the pillar of cloud by day and the pillar of fire by night, leading the vast armies of Israel. Light blazed with awful grandeur about the Lord on Mount Sinai. Light rested over the mercy seat in the tabernacle. Light filled the temple of Solomon at its dedication. Light shone on the hills of Bethlehem when the angels brought the message of redemption to the watching shepherds. ¶ God is light; and in the words, I am the light of the world,” Christ declared His *oneness with God, and His relation to the whole human family. It was He who at the beginning had caused “the light to shine out of darkness.” 2 Corinthians 4:6. He is the light of sun and moon and star. He was the spiritual light that in symbol and type and prophecy had shone upon Israel. But not to the Jewish nation alone was the light given. As the sunbeams penetrate to the remotest corners of the earth, so does the light of the Sun of Righteousness shine upon every soul.”

    * oneness = identity or harmony with someone or something; Christ is one in nature (of one substance), character and purpose with His Father. God is the Father of Christ; Christ is the only begotten Son of God. The Son has no existence separate from the Father.

    Ellen G. White

    Desire of Ages, p. 464, par. 2, 3


    Deuteronomy 29:29, “The secret things belong unto the LORD [Yehovah] our God: but those things which are revealed belong unto us and to our children for ever, that we may do all the words of this law.”

    “God’s word and His works contain the knowledge of Himself that He has seen fit to reveal to us. We may understand the revelation that He has thus given of Himself. But it is with fear and trembling, and with a sense of our own sinfulness, that we are to take up this studynot with a desire to try to explain God, but with a desire to gain that knowledge which will enable us to serve Him more acceptably. ¶ Let no one venture to explain God. Human beings cannot explain themselves, and how, then, dare they venture to explain the Omniscient One? Satan stands ready to give such ones false conceptions of God. ¶ To the curious I bear the message that God has instructed me not to frame answers to the questions of those who inquire in regard to the things that have not been revealed. The things that are revealed belong unto us and to our children. Beyond this, human beings are not to attempt to go. We are not to attempt to explain that which God has not revealed. We are to study the revelation that Christ, the Great Teacher, has given of the character of God, that in spirit and word and act we may represent Him to those who know Him not.” — Medical Ministry, p. 91.5-92.2 – EGW

    “In regard to the personality and prerogatives of God, where He is, and what He is, this is a subject which we are not to dare to touch. On this theme silence is eloquence. It is those who have no experimental knowledge of God who venture to speculate in regard to Him. Did they know more of Him, they would have less to say about what He is. The one who in the daily life holds closest communion with God, and who has the deepest knowledge of Him, realizes most keenly the utter inability of human beings to explain the Creator. . . . ¶ God always has been. He is the great I AM. The psalmist declares, “Before the mountains were brought forth, or ever Thou hadst formed the earth and the world, even from everlasting to everlasting, Thou art God.” He is the high and lofty One that inhabiteth eternity. “I am the Lord, I change not,” He declares. With Him there is no variableness, neither shadow of turning. He is “the same yesterday, and today, and forever.” He is infinite and omnipresent. No words of ours can describe His greatness and majesty.” — Medical Ministry, p. 92.3-4 – EGW

    The Bible teaching of God is the only teaching that it is safe for human beings to follow. We are to regulate our faith by a plain “Thus saith the Lord.” The knowledge of Himself that God desires us to gain from His word will, if brought into the daily life, make men and women strong to resist evil and fit them to represent Him. ¶ We need to study the simplicity of Christ’s teachings. He urges the need of prayer and humility. These are our safeguards against the erroneous reasoning by which Satan seeks to lead us to turn aside to other gods, and to accept misleading theories, clothed by him in garments of light. ¶ A man who is spiritually blind is easily led by those who improve every favorable opportunity to advance theories and conjectures regarding God. The one deceived by Satan imparts to a fellow being the new light that he supposes he has received, as Eve placed the forbidden fruit in the hand of Adam. Unenlightened heathen are in no worse condition spiritually than is the man who has known the truth but has accepted error. . . .” — Medical Ministry, p. 93.1-3 – EGW

    Let no one teach things that the Redeemer, He who owns man, body, soul, and spirit, has not taught. We need not any fanciful teaching regarding the personality of God. What God desires us to know of Him is revealed in His word and His works. The beautiful things of nature reveal His character and His power as Creator. They are His gift to the race, to show His power and to show that He is a God of love. But no one is authorized to say that God Himself in person is in flower or leaf or tree. These things are God’s handiwork, revealing His love for mankind.” — Medical Ministry, p. 94.3 – EGW

    “Human talents and human conjecture have tried by searching to find out God. Many have trodden this pathway. The highest intellect may tax itself until it is wearied out, in conjectures regarding God, but the effort will be fruitless, and the fact will remain that man by searching cannot find out God. This problem has not been given us to solve. All that man needs to know and can know of God has been revealed in the life and character of His Son, the Great Teacher. As we learn more and more of what man is, of what we ourselves are, in God’s sight, we shall fear and tremble before Him.” — Medical Ministry, p. 95.2 – EGW

    “Let no one beguile you into the belief that God is an essence pervading nature. Such an idea is a specious delusion. Let all be on guard against such suppositions. These subtle theories clothed in beautiful garments prepare the way for greater errors which, if accepted, will lead even conscientious believers in the truth away from their steadfastness, to false doctrines. ¶ From time to time we need unitedly to examine the reasons of our faith. It is essential that we study carefully the truths of God’s word; for we read that “some shall depart from the faith, giving heed to seducing spirits, and doctrines of devils [demons]. We are in grave danger when we lightly regard any truth; for then the mind is opened to error. We must take heed how and what we hear. We need not seek to understand the arguments that men offer in support of their theories, when it may be readily discerned that these theories are not in harmony with the Scriptures. Some who think that they have scientific knowledge are by their interpretations giving wrong ideas both of science and of the Bible. Let the Bible decide every question that is essential to man’s salvation.— Letter 25, 1904 – EGW

    “We are not called upon to enter into controversy with those who hold false theoriesControversy is unprofitable. Christ never entered into it. “It is written,” is the weapon used by the world’s Redeemer. Let us keep close to the word. Let us allow the Lord Jesus and His messengers to testify. We know that their testimony is true.” — Medical Ministry, p. 97.1 – EGW

    “The question has been asked me [Ellen White], “Do you think that the Lord has any more light for us as a people?” I answer that He has light that is new to us, and yet it is precious old light that is to shine forth from the Word of truth. We have only the glimmerings of the rays of the light that is yet to come to us. We are not making the most of the light which the Lord has already given us, and thus we fail to receive the increased light; we do not walk in light already shed upon us.” — 1SM 401.2 – EGW

    Important Counsel for Us


    “Through all these centuries the truth of God has remained the same. That which was truth in the beginning is truth now. Although new and important truths appropriate for succeeding generations have been opened to the understanding, the present revealings do not contradict those of the past. Every new truth understood only makes more significant the old.” — Review and Herald, March 2, 1886 par. 6 – EGW

    He who denies the personality of God and of his Son Jesus Christ, is denying God and Christ. “If that which ye have heard from the beginning shall remain in you, ye also shall continue in the Son, and in the Father.” If you continue to believe and obey the truths you first embraced regarding the personality of the Father and the Son, you will be joined together with him in love.” — Review and Herald, March 8, 1906 par. 19 – EGW

    “Those who seek to remove the old landmarks are not holding fast; they are not remembering how they have received and heard. Those who try to bring in theories that would remove the pillars of our faith concerning the sanctuary or concerning the personality of God or of Christ, are working as blind men. They are seeking to bring in uncertainties and to set the people of God adrift without an anchor.” — Manuscript Release No.760, p. 9 — 1905 – EGW

    “I entreat every one to be clear and firm regarding the certain truths that we have heard and received and advocated. The statements of God’s Word are plain. Plant your feet firmly on the platform of eternal truth. Reject every phase of error, even though it be covered with a semblance of reality, which denies the personality of God and of Christ.” — Review and Herald, August 31, 1905 par. 11 – EGW

    “There is absolutely no safeguard against evil but truth…. There are many in the church who take it for granted that they understand what they believe; but, until controversy arises, they do not know their own weakness.” — God’s Amazing Grace, p. 30 – EGW

    “Do you ask, What shall I do to be saved? You must lay your preconceived opinions, your hereditary and cultivated ideas, at the door of investigation. If you search the Scriptures to vindicate your own opinions, you will never reach the truth. Search in order to learn what the Lord says. If conviction comes as you search, if you see that your cherished opinions are not in harmony with the truth, do not misinterpret the truth in order to suit your own belief, but accept the light givenOpen mind and heart that you may behold wondrous things out of God’s word.” — E. G. White, Christ’s Object Lessons, p. 112

    The testimonies themselves will be the key that will explain the messages given, as scripture is explained by scripture.” — E. G. White, Selected Messages Book 1, p. 42

    “Christ sought to make plain his lessons by means of illustrations and parables. He spoke of the truths of the Bible as a treasure hid in a field, which, when a man had found, he went and sold all that he had, and bought the field. He represents the gems of truth, not as lying directly upon the surface, but as buried deep in the ground; as hidden treasures that must be searched for. We must dig for the precious jewels of truth, as a man would dig in a mine.— Review and Herald, October 14, 1890 par. 4 – EGW

    “When God’s Word is studied, comprehended, and obeyed, a bright light will be reflected to the world; new truths, received and acted upon, will bind us in strong bonds to Jesus. The Bible, and the Bible alone, is to be our creed, the sole bond of union; all who bow to this Holy Word will be in harmony. Our own views and ideas must not control our efforts. Man is fallible, but God’s Word is infallible. Instead of wrangling with one another, let men exalt the Lord. Let us meet all opposition as did our Master, saying, “It is written.” Let us lift up the banner on which is inscribed, The Bible our rule of faith and discipline.” — The Review and Herald, Dec. 15, 1885 – EGW

    “Christ was acquainted with the Scriptures, for He met all the temptations of the devil with “It is written.” Arguments and reasons would have been of no avail, but “It is written” showed that Christ, the tempted One, had His feet upon solid, immovable rock. We are to learn these lessons from the Word, hanging them in memory’s hall, and thus preparing to meet Satan with the only weapon which will repulse him—“It is written.” All things written in the law and in the prophets are true, and they carry the proof of it in themselves. Nothing is gained by endeavoring to prove by argument the divine origin of the Bible. It is its own expositor. It carries its own keys; scripture unlocks scripture. If we do not see the truth in the Bible, it is because our opinions and prejudices have not been laid at the door of investigation. “If our gospel be hid, it is hid to them that are lost: in whom the god of this world hath blinded the minds of them which believe not, lest the light of the glorious gospel of Christ, who is the image of God, should shine unto them” [2 Corinthians 4:3, 4]. “For the preaching of the cross is to them that perish foolishness; but unto us which are saved it is the power of God [1 Corinthians 1:18].” — Ms 40, 1895, p. 2 – EGW

    Weight of Evidence


    “Satan has ability to suggest doubts and to devise objections to the pointed testimony that God sends, and many think it a virtue, a mark of intelligence in them, to be unbelieving and to question and quibble. Those who desire to doubt will have plenty of room. God does not propose to remove all occasion for unbelief. He gives evidence, which must be carefully investigated with a humble mind and a teachable spirit, and all should decide from the weight of evidence. God gives sufficient evidence for the candid mind to believe; but he who turns from the weight of evidence because there are a few things which he cannot make plain to his finite understanding will be left in the cold, chilling atmosphere of unbelief and questioning doubts, and will make shipwreck of faith.” — Counsels for the Church, p. 93.4 – EGW

    “God does not compel men to give up their unbelief. Before them are light and darkness, truth and error. It is for them to decide which they will accept. The human mind is endowed with power to discriminate between right and wrong. God designs that men shall not decide from impulse, but from weight of evidence, carefully comparing scripture with scripture. Had the Jews laid by their prejudice and compared written prophecy with the facts characterizing the life of Jesus, they would have perceived a beautiful harmony between the prophecies and their fulfillment in the life and ministry of the lowly Galilean. ¶ Many are deceived today in the same way as were the Jews. Religious teachers read the Bible in the light of their own understanding and traditions; and the people do not search the Scriptures for themselves, and judge for themselves as to what is truth; but they yield up their judgment, and commit their souls to their leaders. The preaching and teaching of His word is one of the means that God has ordained for diffusing light; but we must bring every man’s teaching to the test of Scripture. Whoever will prayerfully study the Bible, desiring to know the truth, that he may obey it, will receive divine enlightenment. He will understand the Scriptures. “If any man willeth to do His will, he shall know of the teaching.” John 7:17, R. V.” — Desire of Ages, p. 458.3-459.1 – EGW

    “God is presenting to the minds of men divinely appointed precious gems of truth, appropriate for our time. God has rescued these truths from the companionship of error, and has placed them in their proper frame-work. When these truths are given their rightful position in God’s great plan, when they are presented intelligently and earnestly, and with reverential awe, by the Lord’s servants, many will conscientiously believe because of the weight of evidence, without waiting for every supposed difficulty which may suggest itself to their minds, to be removed.” — Manuscript 8a, 1888 – EGW

    “There is no excuse for doubt or skepticism. God has made ample provision to establish the faith of all men if they will decide from the weight of evidence. But if they wait to have every seeming objection removed before they believe, they will never be settled, rooted, and grounded in the truth. God will never remove all seeming difficulties from our path. Those who wish to doubt may find opportunity; those who wish to believe will find plenty of evidence upon which to base their faith.” — 1MCP, p. 311.1 – EGW

    The word of the Lord, spoken through His servants, is received by many with questionings and fears. And many will defer their obedience to the warning and reproofs given, waiting till every shadow of uncertainty is removed from their minds. The unbelief that demands perfect knowledge will never yield to the evidence that God is pleased to give. He requires of His people faith that rests upon the weight of evidence, not upon perfect knowledge. Those followers of Christ who accept the light that God sends them must obey the voice of God speaking to them when there are many other voices crying out against it. It requires discernment to distinguish the voice of God.” — Testimonies, Vol. 3, p. 258 (1873) – EGW

    We should know for ourselves what constitutes Christianity, what is truth, what is the faith that we have received, what are the Bible rules–the rules given us from the highest authority. There are many who believe, without a reason on which to base their faith, without sufficient evidence as to the truth of the matter. If an idea is presented that harmonizes with their own preconceived opinions, they are all ready to accept it. They do not reason from cause to effect. Their faith has no genuine foundation, and in the time of trial they will find that they have built upon the sand.” — Lt 4, 1889 – EGW

    “Many who have a weak and wavering faith, reason that if they had the evidence which Thomas had from his companions they would not doubt as he did. They do not realize that they have not only that evidence, but additional testimony piled up about them on every side. Many who, like Thomas, wait for all cause of doubt to be removed, may never realize their desire as he did, but gradually become entrenched in their unbelief, until they cannot perceive the weight of evidence in favor of Jesus, and, like the skeptical Jews, what little light they have will go out in the darkness which closes around their minds. To reject the plain and conclusive evidences of divine truth hardens the heart, and blinds the understanding. The precious light, being neglected, fades utterly from the mind that is unwilling to receive it. ¶ Jesus, in his treatment of Thomas, gave his followers a lesson regarding the manner in which they should treat those who have doubts upon religious truth, and who make those doubts prominent. He did not overwhelm Thomas with words of reproach, nor did he enter into a controversy with him; but, with marked condescension and tenderness, he revealed himself unto the doubting one. Thomas had taken a most unreasonable position, in dictating the only conditions of his faith; but Jesus, by his generous love and consideration, broke down all the barriers he had raised. Persistent controversy will seldom weaken unbelief, but rather put it upon self-defense, where it will find new support and excuse. Jesus, revealed in his love and mercy as the crucified Saviour, will wring from many once unwilling lips the acknowledgment of Thomas, “My Lord, and my God.”” — 3SP 221.3-222.1 – EGW

    Old Landmarks — Pillars of Our Faith

    “Those who seek to remove the old landmarks are not holding fast; they are not remembering how they have received and heard.. Those who try to bring in theories that would remove the pillars of our faith concerning the sanctuary or concerning the personality of God or of Christ, are working as blind men. They are seeking to bring in uncertainties and to set the people of God adrift without an anchor.” — E. G. White, Manuscript Release No.760, p. 9 — 1905

    “The enemy of souls has sought to bring in the supposition that a great reformation was to take place among Seventh-day Adventists, and that this reformation would consist in giving up the doctrines which stand as the pillars of our faithand engaging in a process of reorganization.  Were this reformation to take place, what would result?  The principles of truth that God in His wisdom has given to the remnant church, would be discarded. Our religion would be changedThe fundamental principles that have sustained the work for the last fifty years would be accounted as error. A new organization would be established. Books of a new order would be written. A system of intellectual philosophy would be introduced. The founders of this system would go into the cities, and do a wonderful work. The Sabbath of course, would be lightly regarded, as also the God who created it. Nothing would be allowed to stand in the way of the new movement. The leaders would teach that virtue is better than vice, but God being removed, they would place their dependence on human power, which, without God, is worthless. Their foundation would be built on the sand, and storm and tempest would sweep away the structure.” — Selected Messages Book 1 – p. 204-205 – EGW

    “I should be an unfaithful watchman, were I to hold my peace, when I see the very foundations of our faith being torn away by those who have departed from the faith, and who are now adrift, without an anchor. In this time, when false doctrines are being taught, we are to teach the same truth that we have taught for the past half century. I have not changed my faith one jot or one tittle, …” — Lt150-1906.9 • Ellen G. White (1906)

    One GOD, the Father, of Whom are all things

    One LORD Jesus Christ, by whom are all things  | One SPIRIT—the Spirit of Christ (His Omnipresence)

    1 Corinthians 8:6, But to us there is but one God, the Father, of whom are all things, and we in him; and one Lord Jesus Christ, by whom are all things, and we by him.

    “Let them be thankful to God for His manifold mercies and be kind to one another. They have one God and one Saviour; and one Spirit—the Spirit of Christ—is to bring unity into their ranks.” — Testimonies Volume 9, p. 189 – EGW

    The world’s Redeemer was equal with God. His authority was as the authority of God. He declared that he had no existence separate from the Father. The authority by which he spoke, and wrought miracles, was expressly his own, yet he assures us that he and the Father are one.” — The Review and Herald, Jan. 7, 1890, p. 1 – EGW

    God is a spirit; yet He is a personal being, for man was made in His image. As a personal being, God has revealed Himself in His Son. Jesus, the outshining of the Father’s glory, “and the express image of His person” (Hebrews 1:3), was on earth found in fashion as a man. As a personal Savior He came to the world. As a personal Savior He ascended on high. As a personal Savior He intercedes in the heavenly courts. Before the throne of God in our behalf ministers “One like the Son of man.” — Daniel 7:13” — Education, p. 131.1 — 1903 – EGW

    Romans 8:9, “But ye are not in the flesh, but in the Spirit, if so be that the Spirit of God dwell in you. Now if any man have not the Spirit of Christ, he is none of his.”

    John 10:29-30, My Father, which gave them me, is *greater than all; and no man is able to pluck them out of my Father’s hand. I and my Father are **one.”   *[greater = elder]  **[one in nature, character and purpose]

    1 Corinthians 15:24, “Then cometh the end, when he [Christ] shall have delivered up the kingdom to God, even the Father; when he [Christ] shall have put down all rule and all authority and power.”

    2 Corinthians 5:19-20, “To wit, that God was in Christ, reconciling the world unto himself, not imputing their trespasses unto them; and hath committed unto us the word of reconciliation. Now then we are ambassadors for Christ, as though God did beseech you by us: we pray you in Christ’s stead, be ye reconciled to God.”

    1 John 1:3, “That which we have seen and heard declare we unto you, that ye also may have fellowship with us: and truly our fellowship is with the Father, and with his Son Jesus Christ.

    2 John 9, “… He that abideth in the doctrine of Christ, he hath both the Father and the Son.

    “From eternity there was a complete unity between the Father and the Son. They were two, yet little short of being identicaltwo in individuality, yet one in spirit, and heart, and character.” — Youth’s Instructor, December 16, 1897 par. 5 – EGW

    “By coming to dwell with us, Jesus was to reveal God both to men and to angels. He was the Word of God,—God’s thought made audible.— Desire of Ages, p. 19.2 – EGW

    By the Spirit the Father and the Son will come and make their abode with you.” — BEcho, January 15, 1893 par. 8 – EGW

    “Exalt the Spirit and power of God, and pray much for his guidance.” — SpTA07, p. 7.2 – EGW

    “The sinner then stands before God as a just person; he is taken into favor with Heaven, and through the Spirit has fellowship with the Father and the Son.” — Selected Message Book 3, p. 191; also Signs of the Times, November 3, 1890 par. 1 – EGW

    “To know God in His works is true science, but to know God as He is in Christ is life eternal.” — 21MR, p. 427.1 – EGW

    The Father and the Son alone are to be exalted.” — The Youth’s Instructor, July 7, 1898 par. 2 – EGW

     The greatness of God cannot be measured or comprehended. And that doctrine that denies the absolute Godhead of Jesus Christ, denies also the Godhead of the Father; for no man [oudeis—none, nobody] knoweth the Son but the Father.” — Signs of the Times, June 27, 1895 par. 3 – EGW  [Godhead = divinity, divine nature, deity]


    Novatian c. 200 AD – 258 AD


    Novatian was a Roman priest who argued that the Church could not forgive sins but only God. His treatise on ‘The Trinity’ written in 257 AD nearly 70 years before the Council of Nicea, was aimed at refuting the modal god of the Sabellians. His argument is based on the divinely begotten Son of God.

    “There is, then, God the Father, Who established and created all things, Who alone is without origin, invisible, boundless, immortal, eternal, the One God. To His greatness, His majesty, His powers alike, nothing whatever can be placed, I will not say in superiority, but even in comparison. From Him, at such a time as He, the Father, willed, the Word, Who is the Son, was born; the Word, … acknowledged as the Personal Substance of a power issuing forth from God.

    The Son has His Origin in the Father, who has no Origin.” “He proceeded from the Father, at whose will all things were made, God, assuredly, proceeding from God, constituting the Second Person after the Father, as Son, yet not robbing the Father of the unity of the Godhead.” “If He had not been begotten, He would have been ranked with Him Who is not begotten, and the two, being found to be equal, as unbegotten, would, of course have given us two Gods…”

    He is begotten. For whether He is the Word, whether He is power, whether He is wisdom, whether He is light, whether He is the Son—whatever He is of these, He has no other source of His Being, as we have said before, than the Father. He owes His origin to the Father for He derived His origin, in being born, from Him Who is the one God.

    Taken from the Ante-Nicene Christian Library, Vol. 13, edited by Alexander Roberts and James Donaldson, 1869, Chapter 31.

    Novatian’s words are rich with the words of Scripture. Jesus said, “I proceeded forth and came from God” John 8:42; “I live by the Father” John 6:57; “I came out from God” John 16:27; “I came forth from the Father” John 16:28; “He that is of God hears God’s words” John 8:47; “I am the Son of God” John 10:36; “I am in the Father and the Father in me” John 14:10.

    ‘Father and Son’ in Scripture


    Mark 12:28-32, “…Which is the first commandment of all? And Jesus answered him, The first of all the commandments is, Hear, O Israel; The Lord [Hebrew: Yehovah • Greek: Kurios] our God [Hebrew: Elohiym • Greek: Theos] is one Lord [Hebrew: Yehovah • Greek: Kurios]…. And the scribe said unto him, Well, Master, thou hast said the truth: for there is one God [Theos]; and there is none other but he: …”

    1 Corinthians 8:6, “But to us there is but one God, the Father, of whom are all things, and we in him; and one Lord Jesus Christ, by whom are all things, and we by him.

    Ephesians 4:4-6, “There is one body, and one Spirit, even as ye are called in one hope of your calling; One Lord, one faith, one baptism, one God and Father of all, who is above all, and through all, and in you all.

    1 Timothy 2:5, “For there is one God and one mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus; …”

    Romans 15:6, “That ye may with one mind and one mouth glorify God, even the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ.”

    John 17:3, “And this is life eternal, that they might know thee the only true God, and Jesus Christ, whom thou hast sent.

    James 2:19, “Thou believest that there is one God; thou doest well: the devils also believe, and tremble.”

    Exodus 3:14, “And God [Hebrew: Elohim] said unto Moses, I AM THAT I AM: and he said, Thus shalt thou say unto the children of Israel, I AM hath sent me unto you.”

    Jeremiah 10:10, “But the LORD [Hebrew: Yehovah] is the true God, he is the living God, and an everlasting king: at his wrath the earth shall tremble, and the nations shall not be able to abide his indignation.”

    John 17:1-26, “1 These words spake Jesus, and lifted up his eyes to heaven, and said, Father, the hour is come; glorify thy Son, that thy Son also may glorify thee: 2 As thou hast given him power over all flesh, that he should give eternal life to as many as thou hast given him. 3 And this is life eternal, that they might know thee the only true God, and Jesus Christ, whom thou hast sent. 4 I have glorified thee on the earth: I have finished the work which thou gavest me to do. 5 And now, O Father, glorify thou me with thine own self with the glory which I had with thee before the world was. ¶ 6 I have manifested thy name unto the men which thou gavest me out of the world: thine they were, and thou gavest them me; and they have kept thy word. 7 Now they have known that all things whatsoever thou hast given me are of thee. 8 For I have given unto them the words which thou gavest me; and they have received them, and have known surely that I came out from thee, and they have believed that thou didst send me. 9 I pray for them: I pray not for the world, but for them which thou hast given me; for they are thine. 10 And all mine are thine, and thine are mine; and I am glorified in them. ¶ 11 And now I am no more in the world, but these are in the world, and I come to theeHoly Father, keep through thine own name those whom thou hast given me, that they may be one, as we are. 12 While I was with them in the world, I kept them in thy name: those that thou gavest me I have kept, and none of them is lost, but the son of perdition; that the scripture might be fulfilled. 13 And now come I to thee; and these things I speak in the world, that they might have my joy fulfilled in themselves. 14 I have given them thy word; and the world hath hated them, because they are not of the world, even as I am not of the world. 15 I pray not that thou shouldest take them out of the world, but that thou shouldest keep them from the evil. 16 They are not of the world, even as I am not of the world. ¶ 17 Sanctify them through thy truth: thy word is truth. 18 As thou hast sent me into the world, even so have I also sent them into the world. 19 And for their sakes I sanctify myself, that they also might be sanctified through the truth. ¶ 20 Neither pray I for these alone, but for them also which shall believe on me through their word; 21 That they all may be one; as thou, Father, art in me, and I in thee, that they also may be one in us: that the world may believe that thou hast sent me. 22 And the glory which thou gavest me I have given them; that they may be one, even as we are one: 23 I in them, and thou in me, that they may be made perfect in one; and that the world may know that thou hast sent me, and hast loved them, as thou hast loved me. ¶ 24 Father, I will that they also, whom thou hast given me, be with me where I am; that they may behold my glory, which thou hast given me: for thou lovedst me before the foundation of the world. 25 O righteous Father, the world hath not known thee: but I have known thee, and these have known that thou hast sent me. 26 And I have declared unto them thy name, and will declare it: that the love wherewith thou hast loved me may be in them, and I in them.”

    1 John 5:20, “And we know that the Son of God is come, and hath given us an understanding, that we may know him that is true, and we are in him that is true, even in his Son Jesus Christ. This is the true God, and eternal life.”

    Psalms 41:13, “Blessed be the LORD God of Israel from everlasting, and to everlasting. Amen, and Amen.”

    Psalms 93:2, “Thy throne is established of old: thou art from everlasting.”

    John 5:23, “That all men should honour the Son, even as they honour the Father. He that honoureth not the Son honoureth not the Father which hath sent him.”

    John 14:1, “Let not your heart be troubled: ye believe in God, believe also in me.”

    Proverbs 30:4, “Who hath ascended up into heaven, or descended? who hath gathered the wind in his fists? who hath bound the waters in a garment? who hath established all the ends of the earth? what is his name, and what is his son’s name, if thou canst tell?”

    John 5:26, “For as the Father hath life in himself; so hath he given to the Son to have life in himself; …”

    Proverbs 8:23, “I was set up from everlasting, from the beginning, or ever the earth was.”

    Micah 5:2, “But thou, Bethlehem Ephratah, though thou be little among the thousands of Judah, yet out of thee shall he come forth unto me that is to be ruler in Israel; whose goings forth have been from of old, from everlasting.”

    ‘Godhead’ means divinity, divine nature, deity

    The Father can not be described by the things of earth. The Father is all the fullness of the Godhead bodily, and is invisible to mortal sight. The Son is all the fullness of the Godhead manifested. The word of God declares Him to be “the express image of His person.” “God so loved the world that He gave His only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in Him should not perish, but have everlasting life.” Here is shown the personality of the Father.” — BTS, March 1, 1906 par. 1 – EGW

    The Lord Jesus Christ, the divine Son of God, existed from eternity, a distinct person, yet one with the Father. He was the surpassing glory of heaven. He was the commander of the heavenly intelligences, and the adoring homage of the angels was received by him as his right. This was no robbery of God.” — The Review and Herald, April 5, 1906, p. 8 – EGW

    “Angels were expelled from heaven because they would not work in harmony with God. They fell from their high estate because they wanted to be exalted. They had come to exalt themselves, and they forgot that their beauty of person and of character came from the Lord JesusThis fact the [fallen] angels would obscure, that Christ was the only begotten Son of God, and they came to consider that they were not to consult Christ. One angel began the controversy and carried it on until there was rebellion in the heavenly courts, among the angels.” — This Day With God, p. 128 — 1910 – EGW

    The world’s Redeemer was equal with God. His authority was as the authority of God. He declared that he had no existence separate from the Father. The authority by which he spoke, and wrought miracles, was expressly his own, yet he assures us that he and the Father are *one.” — The Review and Herald, Jan. 7, 1890, p. 1 — EGW — *[one in nature, character, purpose, substance, and divine attributes.]

    In His humanity He was a partaker of the divine nature. In His incarnation He gained in a new sense the title of the Son of God. Said the angel to Mary, “The power of the Highest shall overshadow thee: therefore also that holy thing which shall be born of thee shall be called the Son of God (Luke 1:35). While the Son of a human being, He became the Son of God in a new sense. Thus He stood in our world—the Son of God, yet allied by birth to the human race.” — The Signs of the Times, August 2, 1905. Quoted in Selected Messages Book 1, pp. 226, 227 – EGW

    The Fatherhood of God is given to us in the gift of Jesus Christ; and as God was one with his only begotten Son, so he would have his earthly children one with him.” — Review and Herald, September 30, 1909 par. 15

    “The prince of the power of evil can only be held in check by the power of God in the third person of the Godhead, the Holy Spirit.” — Special Testimonies, Series A, No. 10, p. 37. (1897) – EGW

    Of the Spirit Jesus said, “He shall glorify me.” The Saviour came to glorify the Father by the demonstration of His love; so the Spirit was to glorify Christ by revealing His grace to the world. The very image of God is to be reproduced in humanity. The honor of God, the honor of Christ, is involved in the perfection of the character of His people.” — Lift Him Up, p. 191.4 – EGW

    “In the religion of Christ there is a regenerating influence that transforms the entire being, lifting man above every debasing, groveling vice, and raising the thoughts and desires toward God and heaven. Linked to the Infinite One, man is made partaker of the divine nature. Upon him the shafts of evil have no effect; for he is clothed with the panoply of Christ’s righteousness.” — CT 51.4 – EGW

    1 Corinthians 8:6, “But to us there is but one God, the Father, of whom are all things, and we in him; and one Lord Jesus Christ, by whom are all things, and we by him.

    Spirit of Prophecy Statements

    by Ellen G. White

    “All created beings live by the will and power of God. They are dependent recipients of the life of God. From the highest seraph to the humblest animate being, all are replenished from the Source of life.” — CSA, p. 43.7

    “The seventeenth chapter of John speaks plainly regarding the personality of God and of Christ, and of their relation to each other. “Father, the hour is come,” Christ said: “glorify thy Son, that thy Son also may glorify thee.” [John 17:23, 3, 5-11 quoted.] Here is personality, and individuality.” — MS 124, 1903

    “With what firmness and power he uttered these words. The Jews had never before heard such words from human lips, and a convicting influence attended them; for it seemed that divinity flashed through humanity as Jesus said, “I and my Father are one.” The words of Christ were full of deep meaning as he put forth the claim that he and the Father were of one substance, possessing the same attributes. The Jews understood his meaning, there was no reason why they should misunderstand, and they took up stones to stone him. Jesus looked upon them calmly and unshrinkingly, and said, “Many good works have I showed you from my Father; for which of these works do ye stone me?”” — Signs of the Times, November 27, 1893 par. 5

    From eternity there was a complete unity between the Father and the SonThey were two, yet little short of being identical; two in individuality, yet one in spirit, and heart, and character.” — Youth’s Instructor, December 16, 1897 par. 5

    “By coming to dwell with us, Jesus was to reveal God both to men and to angels. He was the Word of God,—God’s thought made audible.” — Desire of Ages, p. 19.2

    All the communion between heaven and the fallen race has been through Christ.” — The Faith I Live By, p. 47.3

    From the days of eternity the Lord Jesus Christ was one with the Father; He was “the image of God,” the image of His greatness and majesty, “the outshining of his glory.” It was to manifest this glory that He came to our world. To this sin-darkened earth He came to reveal the light of God’s love—to be “God with us.”” — God’s Amazing Grace, p. 45.2

    “Because divinity alone could be efficacious in the restoration of man from the poisonous bruise of the serpent, God Himself, in His only begotten Son, assumed human nature, and in the weakness of human nature sustained the character of God, vindicated His holy law in every particular, and accepted the sentence of wrath and death for the sons of men. What a thought is this!” — Our Father Cares, p. 116.6

    Jesus might have remained at the Father’s side. He might have retained the glory of heaven, and the homage of the angels. But He chose to give back the scepter into the Father’s hands, and to step down from the throne of the universe, that He might bring light to the benighted, and life to the perishing.” — Our Father Cares, p. 200.4

    “Let the missionaries of the cross proclaim that there is one God, and one Mediator between God and man, who is Jesus Christ the Son of the Infinite God. This needs to be proclaimed throughout every church in our land. Christians need to know this, and not put man where God should be, that they may no longer be worshipers of idols, but of the living God. Idolatry exists in our churches.” — The Ellen G. White 1888 Materials, p. 886 — 1891

    Ellen White experiences the Presence of God’s Spirit:

    “Friday, March 20 [1896], I arose early, about half past three o’clock in the morning. While [I was] writing upon the fifteenth chapter of John suddenly a wonderful peace came upon me. The whole room seemed to be filled with the atmosphere of heaven. A holy, sacred Presence seemed to be in my room. I laid down my pen and was in a waiting attitude to see what the Spirit would say unto me. I saw no person. I heard no audible voice, but a heavenly Watcher seemed close beside me; I felt that I was in the presence of Jesus.The sweet peace and light which seemed to be in my room it is impossible for me to explain or describe. A sacred, holy atmosphere surrounded me, and there were presented to my mind and understanding matters of intense interest and importance. A line of action was laid out before me as if the unseen Presence was speaking with me. The matter I had been writing upon seemed to be lost to my mind and another matter distinctly opened before me. A great awe seemed to be upon me as matters were imprinted upon my mind.” — Selected Messages, book 3, pp. 35, 36 – EGW

    “I arose early Thursday morning, about two o’clock, and was writing busily upon the True Vine, when I felt a presence in my room, as I have many times before, and I lost all recollection of what I was about. I seemed to be in the presence of Jesus. He was communicating to me that in which I was to be instructed. Everything was so plain that I could not misunderstand. […] Not an audible word was spoken to my ear, but to my mind. I said, Lord, I will do as Thou hast commanded.”— Manuscript Releases Volume 5, p. 147 — 1896 – EGW

    Statements of Adventist Pioneers and Other Sources:


    “Jesus prayed that his disciples might be one as he was one with his Father. This prayer did not contemplate one disciple with twelve heads, but twelve disciples, made one in object and effort in the cause of their master. Neither are the Father and the Son parts of the “three—one God.” They are two distinct beings, yet one in the design and accomplishment of redemption. The redeemed, from the first who shares in the great redemption, to the last, all ascribe the honor, and glory, and praise, of their salvation, to both God and the Lamb.” — James S. White, Life incidents, p. 343 — 1868

    “Paul affirms of the Son of God that he was in the form of God, and that he was equal with God. ‘Who being in the form of God thought it not robbery to be equal with God.’ Phil. 2:6. The reason why it is not robbery for the Son to be equal with the Father is the fact that he is equal… The inexplicable Trinity that makes the Godhead three in one and one in three, is bad enough; but that ultra Unitarianism that makes Christ inferior to the Father is worse. Did God say to an inferior, “Let us make man in our image”?” — James S. White, Review & Herald, November 29, 1877

    “The way spiritualizers have disposed of or denied the only Lord God and our Lord Jesus Christ is first using the old unscriptural Trinitarian creed, viz., that Jesus Christ is the eternal God, though they have not one passage to support it, while we have plain scripture testimony in abundance that he is the Son of the eternal God.” — James S. White, The Day Star, January 24, 1846

    The mystery of the Trinity is the central doctrine of the Catholic faith. Upon it are based all the other teachings of the church.” — Handbook for Today’s Catholic, p. 11

    “So utterly idolatrous was the Babylonian recognition of the Divine unity, that Jehovah, the Living God, severely condemned His own people for giving any countenance to it. … In the unity of that one Only God of the Babylonians, there were three persons, and to symbolize that doctrine of the Trinity they employed, as the discoveries of Layard prove, the equilateral triangle, just as it is well known the Romish Church does at this day.” — The Two Babylons, p. 16

    Download • PDF with more Adventist Pioneer Statements regarding the Trinity/Godhead.

    Recent SDA Statements Regarding the ‘Trinity Doctrine’


    “Adventist beliefs have changed over the years under the impact of ‘present truth’. Most startling is the teaching regarding Jesus Christ, our Saviour and Lord. … the Trinitarian understanding of God, now part of our fundamental beliefs, was not generally held by the early Adventists.” — Adventist Review, Jan 6, 1994 – p.10

    Most of the founders of Seventh-day Adventism would not be able to join the church today if they had to subscribe to the denomination’s Fundamental Beliefs. More specifically, most would not be able to agree to belief number 2, which deals with the doctrine of the trinity.” – Ministry, October 1993, p. 10

    “Immortal, all-powerful and all-loving, God is a relationship of Father, Son and Holy Spirit. The only being worthy of our worship, God is our Creator, Redeemer and Friend.” — www. – 2014

    “There is one God—Father, Son and Holy Spirit, a unity of three co-eternal Persons. God is immortal, all-powerful, all-knowing, above all, and ever present. He is infinite and beyond human comprehension, yet known through His self-revelation. He is forever worthy of worship, adoration and service by all of creation. (Deut. 6:4Matt. 28:192 Cor. 13:14Eph. 4:4-61 Peter 1:21 Tim. 1:17Rev. 14:7.)” — – 2014

     ‘GODHEAD’ (divinity, deity, divine nature) IN SCRIPTURE


    Acts 17:29, “Forasmuch then as we are the offspring of God, we ought not to think that the Godhead is like unto gold, or silver, or stone, graven by art and man’s device.”

    Romans 1:20, “For the invisible things of him from the creation of the world are clearly seen, being understood by the things that are made, even his eternal power and Godhead; so that they are without excuse: …”

    Colossians 2:9, “For in him [Christ] dwelleth all the fulness of the Godhead bodily.

    Heavenly Trio, Three Divine Dignitaries, Three Great Powers in Heaven

    Matthew 3:16-17, “16 And Jesus, when he was baptized, went up straightway out of the water: and, lo, the heavens were opened unto him, and he saw the Spirit of God descending like a dove, and lighting upon him: 17 And lo a voice from heaven, saying, This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased.”

    Matthew 28:18-20, “18 And Jesus came and spake unto them, saying, All power is given unto me in heaven and in earth. 19 Go ye therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost: 20 Teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you: and, lo, I am with you alway, even unto the end of the world. Amen.”

    John 14:15-17, “15 If ye love me [Jesus], keep my commandments. 16 And I will pray the Father, and he shall give you another Comforter, that he may abide with you for ever; 17 Even the Spirit of truth; whom the world cannot receive, because it seeth him not, neither knoweth him: but ye know him; for he dwelleth with you, and shall be in you.

    John 14:25-26, “25 These things have I spoken unto you, being yet present with you. 26 But the Comforter, which is the Holy Ghost, whom the Father will send in my name, he shall teach you all things, and bring all things to your remembrance, whatsoever I have said unto you.”

    John 15:26-27, “26 But when the Comforter is come, whom I will send unto you from the Father, even the Spirit of truth, which proceedeth from the Father, he shall testify of me: 27 And ye also shall bear witness, because ye have been with me from the beginning.”

    1 Corinthians 12:3-11, “3 Wherefore I give you to understand, that no man speaking by the Spirit of God calleth Jesus accursed: and that no man can say that Jesus is the Lord, but by the Holy Ghost. 4 Now there are diversities of gifts, but the same Spirit. 5 And there are differences of administrations, but the same Lord. 6 And there are diversities of operations, but it is the same God which worketh all in all. 7 But the manifestation of the Spirit is given to every man to profit withal. 8 For to one is given by the Spirit the word of wisdom; to another the word of knowledge by the same Spirit; 9 To another faith by the same Spirit; to another the gifts of healing by the same Spirit; 10 To another the working of miracles; to another prophecy; to another discerning of spirits; to another divers kinds of tongues; to another the interpretation of tongues: 11 But all these worketh that one and the selfsame Spirit, dividing to every man severally as he will.”

    2 Corinthians 13:14, “The grace of the Lord Jesus Christ, and the love of God, and the communion of the Holy Ghost, be with you all. Amen.”

    Ephesians 4:4-6, “4 There is one body, and one Spirit, even as ye are called in one hope of your calling; 5 One Lord, one faith, one baptism, 6 One God and Father of all, who is above all, and through all, and in you all.

    Jude 20-21, “20 But ye, beloved, building up yourselves on your most holy faith, praying in the Holy Ghost, 21 Keep yourselves in the love of God, looking for the mercy of our Lord Jesus Christ unto eternal life.”

    Revelation 1:4-6, “4 John to the seven churches which are in Asia: Grace be unto you, and peace, from him which is, and which was, and which is to come; and from the seven Spirits which are before his throne; 5 And from Jesus Christ, who is the faithful witness, and the first begotten of the dead, and the prince of the kings of the earth. Unto him that loved us, and washed us from our sins in his own blood, 6 And hath made us kings and priests unto God and his Father; to him be glory and dominion for ever and ever. Amen.”


    • In Scripture, the Trinitarian terms “God the Son” and “God the Spirit” are never used and yet it is clear that the Son and the Spirit are “of God.” “God the Father” is often used. The truth of Scripture is that the Son of God and the Spirit of God are “of God” and proceed from the Father.
    • Ellen White never uses the terms, “God the Son” and “God the Spirit” in her writings. She does however, often use the term, “God the Father.” Her inspired testimonies are in perfect harmony with that which is revealed in Scripture.

    John 17:3, “And this is life eternal, that they might know thee the only true God, and Jesus Christ, whom thou hast sent.

    1 Corinthians 8:6, “But to us there is but one God, the Father, of whom are all things, and we in him; and one Lord Jesus Christ, by whom are all things, and we by him.”

    John 14:23-24, “23 He that hateth me hateth my Father also. 24 If I had not done among them the works which none other man did, they had not had sin: but now have they both seen and hated both me and my Father.

    • GOD is LOVE! Love is the greatest gift given to mankind! GOD says, “If you love Me keep My commandments.”
    • God’s Law of ten commandments is the transcript of His character of love. Love to God (commandments 1-4) and Love to Man (commandments 6-10).
    • GOD is Grace and Love, Mercy and Truth, Peace and Righteousness. God’s law reveals His character of love.

    Isaiah 9:6, “For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given: and the government shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counsellor, The mighty God, The everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace.


    All the Scriptures using the phrase, “Heavenly Father” — there are none in the Old Testament:

    Matthew 6:14, “For if ye forgive men their trespasses, your heavenly Father will also forgive you: …”

    Matthew 6:26, “Behold the fowls of the air: for they sow not, neither do they reap, nor gather into barns; yet your heavenly Father feedeth them. Are ye not much better than they?”

    Matthew 6:32, “(For after all these things do the Gentiles seek:) for your heavenly Father knoweth that ye have need of all these things.”

    Matthew 15:13, “But he answered and said, Every plant, which my heavenly Father hath not planted, shall be rooted up.”

    Matthew 18:35, “So likewise shall my heavenly Father do also unto you, if ye from your hearts forgive not every one his brother their trespasses.”

    Luke 11:13, “If ye then, being evil, know how to give good gifts unto your children: how much more shall your heavenly Father give the Holy Spirit to them that ask him?”

    All the Scriptures using the phrase, “God, the Father” or “God the Father” — there are none in the Old Testament:

    John 6:27, “Labour not for the meat which perisheth, but for that meat which endureth unto everlasting life, which the Son of man shall give unto you: for him hath God the Father sealed.”

    1 Corinthians 8:6, “But to us there is but one God, the Father, of whom are all things, and we in him; and one Lord Jesus Christ, by whom are all things, and we by him.”

    Galatians 1:1, “Paul, an apostle, (not of men, neither by man, but by Jesus Christ, and God the Father, who raised him from the dead;) …”

    Galatians 1:3, “Grace be to you and peace from God the Father, and from our Lord Jesus Christ, …”

    Ephesians 6:23, “Peace be to the brethren, and love with faith, from God the Father and the Lord Jesus Christ.”

    Philippians 2:11, “And that every tongue should confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father.”

    1 Thessalonians 1:1, “Paul, and Silvanus, and Timotheus, unto the church of the Thessalonians which is in God the Father and in the Lord Jesus Christ: Grace be unto you, and peace, from God our Father, and the Lord Jesus Christ.”

    2 Timothy 1:2, “To Timothy, my dearly beloved son: Grace, mercy, and peace, from God the Father and Christ Jesus our Lord.”

    Titus 1:4, “To Titus, mine own son after the common faith: Grace, mercy, and peace, from God the Father and the Lord Jesus Christ our Saviour.”

    1 Peter 1:2, “Elect according to the foreknowledge of God the Father, through sanctification of the Spirit, unto obedience and sprinkling of the blood of Jesus Christ: Grace unto you, and peace, be multiplied.”

    2 Peter 1:17, “For he received from God the Father honour and glory, when there came such a voice to him from the excellent glory, This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased.”

    2 John 3, “Grace be with you, mercy, and peace, from God the Father, and from the Lord Jesus Christ, the Son of the Father, in truth and love.”

    Jude 1, “Jude, the servant of Jesus Christ, and brother of James, to them that are sanctified by God the Father, and preserved in Jesus Christ, and called:”

    “The law of love being the foundation of the government of God, the happiness of all intelligent beings depends upon their perfect accord with its great principles of righteousness. God desires from all His creatures the service of love—service that springs from an appreciation of His character. He takes no pleasure in a forced obedience; and to all He grants freedom of will, that they may render Him voluntary service. ¶ So long as all created beings acknowledged the allegiance of love, there was perfect harmony throughout the universe of God. It was the joy of the heavenly host to fulfill the purpose of their Creator. They delighted in reflecting His glory and showing forth His praise. And while love to God was supreme, love for one another was confiding and unselfish. There was no note of discord to mar the celestial harmonies.” — Patriarchs and Prophets, pp. 33—35


    The Father and the Son alone are to be exalted.” — The Youth’s Instructor, July 7, 1898 par. 2

    “From eternity there was a complete unity between the Father and the Son. They were two, yet little short of being identical; two in individuality, yet one in spirit, and heart, and character.” — The Youth’s Instructor, December 16, 1897 par. 5

    By the Spirit the Father and the Son will come and make their abode with you.” — The Bible Echo, January 15, 1893 par. 8

    “In the beginning the Father and the Son had rested upon the Sabbath after Their work of creation. When “the heavens and the earth were finished, and all the host of them” (Gen. 2:1), the Creator and all heavenly beings rejoiced in contemplation of the glorious scene.” — The Desire of Ages, p. 769

    “Heaven and earth will unite in praise, as “from one Sabbath to another” (Isa. 66:23) the nations of the saved shall bow in joyful worship to God and the Lamb.” — The Desire of Ages, p. 770

    “”If a man love Me,” Christ said, “he will keep My words; and My Father will love him, and we will come unto him, and make our abode with him.” John 14:23. The spell of a stronger, a perfect mind will be over us; for we have a living connection with the source of all-enduring strength. In our divine life we shall be brought into captivity to Jesus Christ. We shall no longer live the common life of selfishness, but Christ will live in us. His character will be reproduced in our nature. Thus shall we bring forth the fruits of the Holy Spirit–“some thirty, and some sixty, and some an hundred.” — Christ’s Object Lessons, p. 61.3

    Christ, the true foundation, is a living stone; His life is imparted to all that are built upon Him. “Ye also, as living stones, are built up a spiritual house.” “Each several building, fitly framed together, groweth into a holy temple in the Lord.” 1 Peter 2:5, R.V.; Ephesians 2:21, R.V. The stones became one with the foundation; for a common life dwells in all. That building no tempest can overthrow; for– “That which shares the life of God, with Him surviveth all.”” — MB 150.2

    ‘infinite cost to the Father and the Son’

    “The great gift of salvation has been placed within our reach at an infinite cost to the Father and the Son.” — Review and Herald, March 10, 1891 par. 2

    “No man, nor even the highest angel, can estimate the great cost; it is known only to the Father and the Son.” — The Bible Echo, October 28, 1895 par. 4

    “The human family cost God and his Son Jesus Christ an infinite price.” — Special Testimonies On Education, p. 21} 1896

    There are three direct uses of the word “Godhead” in Scripture and only in the New Testament:

    Acts 17:29, “Forasmuch then as we are the offspring of God, we ought not to think that the Godhead [2304] is like unto gold, or silver, or stone, graven by art and man’s device.”

    Romans 1:20, “For the invisible things of him [God] from the creation of the world are clearly seen, being understood by the things that are made, even his eternal power and Godhead [2305]; so that they are without excuse: …”

    Colossians 2:9, “For in him [Christ] dwelleth all the fulness of the Godhead [2320] bodily.”

    Strongs Concordance: GODHEAD

    2304. θεῖος theios, thi´-os; from 2316; godlike (neuter as noun, divinity): — divine, godhead.

    2305. θειότης theiotes, thi-ot´-ace; from 2304; divinity (abstractly): — godhead.

    2316. θεός theos, theh´-os; of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with 3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively, a magistrate; by Hebraism, very: — x exceeding, God, god(—ly, —ward).

    2320. θεότης theotes, theh-ot´-ace; from 2316; divinity (abstractly): — godhead.

    There is an indirect use of the word “divine” — 2304 — Thi’os (Theos) in the New Testament:

    2 Peter 1:3, “According as his divine [2304] power hath given unto us all things that pertain unto life and godliness, through the knowledge of him that hath called us to glory and virtue: 4 Whereby are given unto us exceeding great and precious promises: that by these ye might be partakers of the divine [2304] nature, having escaped the corruption that is in the world through lust.”

    “We are not to think that as soon as we are baptized we are ready to graduate from the school of Christ. When we have accepted Christ, and in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit have pledged ourselves to serve God, the FatherChrist, and the Holy Spiritthe three dignitaries and powers of heaven—pledge themselves that every facility shall be given to us if we carry out our baptismal vows to “come out from among them, and be . . . separate, . . . and touch not the unclean thing.” When we are true to our vows, He says, “I will receive you”” — MS 85, 1901

    “There are three living persons of the heavenly trio; in the name of these three great powersthe Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit—those who receive Christ by living faith are baptized, and these powers will co—operate with the obedient subjects of heaven in their efforts to live the new life in Christ.” — Special Testimonies, Series B, No. 7, pp. 62, 63. (1905)

    “We are to co—operate with the three highest powers in heaven,—the Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost—, and these powers will work through us, making us workers together with God.” — Special Testimonies, Series B, No. 7, p. 51. (1905)

    “Our sanctification is the work of the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit. It is the fulfilment of the covenant that God has made with those who bind themselves up with Him, to stand with Him, with His Son, and with His Spirit in holy fellowship. Have you been born again? Have you become a new being in Christ Jesus? Then co-operate with the three great powers of heaven who are working in your behalf. Doing this you will reveal to the world the principles of righteousness.” — The Signs of the Times, June 19, 1901

    The eternal heavenly dignitariesGod, and Christ, and the Holy Spirit—arming them [the disciples] with more than mortal energy, . . . would advance with them to the work and convince the world of sin.” — Evangelism, p. 616

    “By Christ the work upon which the fulfillment of God’s purpose rests was accomplished. This was the agreement in the councils of the GodheadThe Father purposed in counsel with His Son that the human family should be tested and proved to see whether they would be allured by the temptations of Satan, or whether they would make Christ their righteousness, keeping God’s commandments, and live. God gave to His Son all who would be true and loyal. Christ covenanted to redeem them from the power of Satan, at the price of His own life.” — Manuscript Releases Volume 21, p. 54 — 1898

    YEHOVAH — I AM — Jehovah — LORD

    YEHOVAH [YHVH] — tetragrammaton — The proper name of God. Threefold name of the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit. The angels cry, “Holy, Holy, Holy!” “The One True God.” “The Eternal, Self-Existent One.” “Jehovah.” “LORD.” “LORD God.” “Almighty God.” “I AM that I AM.”

    The term “tetragrammaton” (from Greek τετραγράμματον, meaning “four letters”) refers to the Hebrew theonym (Hebrew: יהוה‎) transliterated to the Latin letters YHVH. It may be derived from the verb that means “to be”, and is considered in Judaism to be the proper name of the God of Israel used in the Hebrew Bible.

    John 17:3, “This is life eternal,” Christ said, “that they might know Thee the only true God, and Jesus Christ, whom Thou hast sent.”

    There is the “Only True God” (the Source of Divinity, Deity, Godhead, the Father) and there is our Lord and Savior, “Jesus Christ” who came in the Father’s name (the Son of God—Yehovah is Salvation) and who share one Spirit, one Life—the Spirit of God, the Spirit of Christ, the Holy Spirit, the Seven Spirits of God.

    One God, the Creator of the heavens and the earth, was brought to view in the fourth commandment, and his will was to be their will. Those who worshiped the one true God were strengthened in moral power, and developed strong and symmetrical characters, while those who worshiped other gods grew more and more debased, because they exalted human passions and sanctioned vice in their religious services.” — Signs of the Times, August 12, 1889 par. 1

    I AM means an eternal presence; the past, present, and future are alike with God. He sees the most remote events of past history and the far distant future with as clear a vision as we do those things which are transpiring daily.” — TMK, p. 12

    Christ was using the great name of God that was given to Moses to express the idea of the eternal presence {See Exodus 3:14.}” — TMK, p. 12

    Jehovah, the eternal, self-existent, uncreated One, Himself the source and sustainer of all, is alone entitled to supreme reverence and worship.” — Patriarchs and Prophets, p. 305

    Jehovah is the name given to Christ.” — The Signs of the Times, May 3, 1899, p. 2

    Jehovah Immanuel “shall be King over all the earth; in that day shall there be one Lord, and His name one.“” — Thoughts From the Mount of Blessing, p. 160

    “This is the reward of all who follow ChristJehovah Emmanuel—He “in whom are hid all the treasures of wisdom and knowledge,” in whom dwells “all the fulness of the Godhead bodily” (Colossians 2:3, 9)—to be brought into sympathy with Him, to know Him, to possess Him, as the heart opens more and more to receive His attributes; to know His love and power, to possess the unsearchable riches of Christ, to comprehend more and more “what is the breadth, and length, and depth, and height; and to know the love of Christ, which passeth knowledge, that ye might be filled with all the fulness of God” (Ephesians 3:18, 19)—”This is the heritage of the servants of the Lord, and their righteousness is of Me, saith the Lord.”” — 7ABC 439.5

    “Silence fell upon the vast assembly. The name of God, given to Moses to express the idea of the eternal presence, had been claimed as His own by this Galilean Rabbi. He had announced Himself to be the self-existent One, He who had been promised to Israel, “whose goings forth have been from of old, from the days of eternity.” — 7ABC 438.6

    “The unity that exists between Christ and His disciples does not destroy the personality of either. They are one in purpose, in mind, in character, but not in person. It is thus that God and Christ are one.” — The Ministry of Healing, p. 421, 422 – EGW

    John 4:21-24, “Believe Me, the hour cometh, when ye shall neither in this mountain, nor yet at Jerusalem, worship the Father. Ye worship ye know not what: we know what we worship: for salvation is of the Jews. But the hour cometh, and now is, when the true worshippers shall worship the Father in spirit and in truth: for the Father seeketh such to worship Him. God is a Spirit: and they that worship Him must worship Him in Spirit and in truth.”

    Genesis 2:7, “And the LORD [Yehovah] God [Elohiym] formed man of the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living soul.”

    Genesis 6:3, “And the LORD [Yehovah] said, My spirit shall not always strive with man, for that he also is flesh: yet his days shall be an hundred and twenty years.”

    Genesis 17:1, “And when Abram was ninety years old and nine, the LORD [Yehovah] appeared to Abram, and said unto him, I am the Almighty God [El Shadday]; walk before me, and be thou perfect.”

    Genesis 21:33, “And Abraham planted a grove in Beersheba, and called there on the name of the LORD [Yehovah], the everlasting God. [El]”

    Genesis 24:3, “And I will make thee swear by the LORD [Yehovah], the God [Elohiym] of heaven, and the God [Elohiym] of the earth, that thou shalt not take a wife unto my son of the daughters of the Canaanites, among whom I dwell:”

    Exodus 3:2, “And the angel [mal’ak] of the LORD [Yehovah] appeared unto him in a flame of fire out of the midst of a bush: and he looked, and, behold, the bush burned with fire, and the bush was not consumed.”

    Exodus 3:13-15, “13 And Moses said unto God [Elohiym], Behold, when I come unto the children of Israel, and shall say unto them, The God of your fathers hath sent me unto you; and they shall say to me, What is his name? what shall I say unto them? 14 And God said unto Moses, I AM THAT I AM [hayah]: and he said, Thus shalt thou say unto the children of Israel, I AM [hayah] hath sent me unto you. 15 And God [Elohiym] said moreover unto Moses, Thus shalt thou say unto the children of Israel, The LORD [Yehovah] God [Elohiym] of your fathers, the God [Elohiym] of Abraham, the God [Elohiym] of Isaac, and the God [Elohiym] of Jacob, hath sent me unto you: this is my name for ever, and this is my memorial unto all generations.”

    —1961. הָיָה hayah, haw-yaw; a primitive root (compare 1933); to exist, i.e. be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary)

    “O how little man can comprehend the perfection of God, His omnipresence united with His almighty power. A human artist receives his intelligence from God. He can only fashion his work in any line to perfection from materials already prepared for his work. In his finite power he could not create and make his materials to serve his purpose if the Great Designer had not been before him, giving him the very improvements first in his imagination.” — 3 Selected Messages, p. 311.3 – EGW

    God and Christ knew from the beginning of the apostasy of Satan and of the fall of Adam through the deceptive power of the apostate. The plan of salvation was designed to redeem the fallen race, to give them another trial. Christ was appointed to the office of Mediator from the creation of God, set up from everlasting to be our substitute and surety. Before the world was made, it was arranged that the divinity of Christ should be enshrouded in humanity. “A body,” said Christ, “hast thou prepared me.” But He did not come in human form until the fullness of time had expired. Then He came to our world, a babe in Bethlehem.” — Review and Herald, Apr. 5, 1906 – EGW

    “The Sovereign of the universe was not alone in His work of beneficence. He had an associate—a co—worker who could appreciate His purposes, and could share His joy in giving happiness to created beings. “In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. The same was in the beginning with God.” John 1:1, 2. Christ, the Word, the only begotten of God, was one with the eternal Father—one in nature, in character, in purpose—the only being that could enter into all the counsels and purposes of God. “His name shall be called Wonderful, Counselor, The mighty God, The everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace.” Isaiah 9:6. His “goings forth have been from of old, from everlasting.” Micah 5:2. And the Son of God declares concerning Himself: “The Lord possessed Me in the beginning of His way, before His works of old. I was set up from everlasting. . . . When He appointed the foundations of the earth: then I was by Him, as one brought up with Him: and I was daily His delight, rejoicing always before Him.” Proverbs 8:22-30. ¶ The Father wrought by His Son in the creation of all heavenly beings. “By Him were all things created, . . . whether they be thrones, or dominions, or principalities, or powers: all things were created by Him, and for Him.” Colossians 1:16. Angels are God’s ministers, radiant with the light ever flowing from His presence and speeding on rapid wing to execute His will. But the Son, the anointed of God, the “express image of His person,” “the brightness of His glory,” “upholding all things by the word of His power,” holds supremacy over them all. Hebrews 1:3. “A glorious high throne from the beginning,” was the place of His sanctuary (Jeremiah 17:12); “a scepter of righteousness,” the scepter of His kingdom. Hebrews 1:8. “Honor and majesty are before Him: strength and beauty are in His sanctuary.” Psalm 96:6. Mercy and truth go before His face. Psalm 89:14.” — Patriarchs & Prophets, p. 34.1-2 – EGW

    “”In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. The same was in the beginning with God. All things were made by him; and without him was not any thing made that was made. In him was life; and the life was the light of men. And the light shineth in darkness; and the darkness comprehended it not” (John 1:1-5). The world did not see divinity in the humble Man of Nazareth. The only-begotten Son of the infinite God was in the world, and men knew Him not in His true character. ¶ “In him was life; and the life was the light of men” (John 1:4). It is not physical life that is here specified, but immortality, the life which is exclusively the property of God. The Word, who was with God, and who was God, had this life. Physical life is something which each individual receives. It is not eternal or immortal; for God, the Life-giver, takes it again. Man has no control over his life. But the life of Christ was unborrowed. No one can take this life from Him. “I lay it down of myself” (John 10:18), He said. In Him was life, original, unborrowed, underived. This life is not inherent in man. He can possess it only through Christ. He cannot earn it; it is given him as a free gift if he will believe in Christ as His personal Saviour. “This is life eternal, that they might know thee the only true God, and Jesus Christ, whom thou hast sent” (John 17:3). This is the open fountain of life for the world.” — 1SM 296.1-2 – EGW

    “A human being lives, but his is a given life, a life that will be quenched. “What is your life? It is even vapor, that appeareth for a little time, and then vanisheth away.” But Christ’s life is not a vapor; it is never-ending, a life existing before the worlds were made.” — The Signs of the Times, June 17, 1897, p. 5 – EGW

    “Let them be thankful to God for His manifold mercies and be kind to one another. They have one God and one Saviour; and one Spirit—the Spirit of Christ—is to bring unity into their ranks.” — Testimonies Volume 9, p. 189 – EGW

    1 John 1:3, “That which we have seen and heard declare we unto you, that ye also may have fellowship with us: and truly our fellowship is with the Father, and with his Son Jesus Christ.” (see also 2 John 9)